Sears Marketing Strategy 2024: A Case Study

Sears, once a prominent retailer, faced significant challenges due to intense competition from companies like Walmart and Amazon. Despite its decline, Sears showcased remarkable marketing innovations throughout its history. This case study delves into the evolution of Sears’ marketing strategy and its impact on omnichannel retail and customer experiences in the digital age.

Key Takeaways:

  • Strategic partnerships played a crucial role in Sears’ marketing success.
  • Sears’ creation of strong house brands such as Craftsman and Kenmore contributed to its marketing prowess.
  • Omnichannel retail and enhanced customer experiences are vital in today’s digital landscape.
  • Sears should focus on digital transformation to regain its market position.
  • Balancing competitive pricing with inventory management is crucial for financial stability.

The Sears and Amazon Connection

Sears and Amazon, two iconic names in the retail industry, have forged a connection that is reshaping the way consumers shop. While Sears represents the traditional brick and mortar retail model, Amazon has built a digital business empire that has revolutionized the retail landscape. Despite their differences, these two retail giants have found common ground through a partnership that has the potential to redefine the future of retail.

The collaboration between Sears and Amazon began in mid-2017 with the introduction of Kenmore appliances on the Amazon platform. Since then, Sears has expanded its presence on Amazon, with the DieHard brand of batteries and accessories joining the lineup in December of the same year. This strategic partnership allows Sears to tap into Amazon’s extensive customer base and leverage their digital reach.

One of the most notable outcomes of the Sears and Amazon connection is the offering of tire installations. Customers can now purchase any brand of tire on Amazon and have them shipped directly to one of the 2,100 Sears Auto Centers nationwide for installation. This innovative approach combines the convenience of online shopping with the expertise and infrastructure of Sears’ physical locations, providing customers with a seamless and efficient tire-buying experience.

The impact of the Sears and Amazon partnership is not limited to the retail space. It has also had a significant effect on the financial prospects of Sears. Following the announcement of the collaboration, Sears’ stock price experienced a surge of up to 19%, signaling investor confidence in the potential benefits of the partnership.

However, it is important to note that the benefits of this alliance may not be immediate. Industry analysts predict that it may take several years for the full impact of the Sears and Amazon partnership to be realized. Nevertheless, it represents a strategic move by Sears to embrace the digital business model and adapt to the changing retail landscape.

Sears Kmart Walmart
Less than 900 remaining stores in the US
Faced a debt payment of $134 million that burdened the company Cut advertising budget by 41% to just $21 million Spent $227 million on advertising
Expanded presence on Amazon with Kenmore appliances and DieHard batteries
Offered tire installations through collaboration with Sears
Stock price rose by as much as 19% following the announcement of partnership

Building Formidable House Brands

Sears, a renowned retailer, excelled in creating strong and memorable house brands that left a lasting impact on consumers. Among these brands, Craftsman, Kenmore, and Silvertone stand out as prime examples of Sears’ success in building formidable house brands.

Craftsman, known for its high-quality tools, has been synonymous with reliability and durability for decades. Whether it’s a wrench, power drill, or lawnmower, Craftsman’s excellent craftsmanship has made it a trusted name in the industry. With its wide range of products and loyal customer base, Craftsman has become a cornerstone of Sears’ house brand portfolio.

Another iconic house brand under Sears’ umbrella is Kenmore. Originating as a brand for sewing machines in 1913, Kenmore’s name was inspired by a Boston neighborhood surrounding Fenway Park. Over the years, Kenmore expanded its product line to include a vast array of household appliances, such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, and dishwashers. With a focus on innovation and performance, Kenmore has become a household name, representing quality and dependability in the realm of home appliances.

For more than half a century, Sears offered Silvertone, a line of musical instruments and radios, from 1915 to 1972. Silvertone products enchanted music enthusiasts with their exceptional sound quality and elegant designs. With its rich heritage and enduring popularity, Silvertone became a symbol of Sears’ commitment to providing customers with top-notch musical experiences.

Kenmore – An Endorsement From Baseball Legend Ted Williams

One of the notable events in Kenmore’s history was its endorsement by the legendary baseball player Ted Williams. Ted Williams, known for his exceptional skills on the field, lent his name to the Kenmore brand, further enhancing its reputation. This strategic collaboration between Sears and Ted Williams merged the worlds of sports and household appliances, capturing the attention and trust of consumers.

Brand Years Active
Craftsman Since 1927
Kenmore Since 1913
Silvertone 1915 – 1972

With their exceptional quality, innovative designs, and strategic endorsements, Craftsman, Kenmore, and Silvertone have become pillars of Sears’ house brand success. These brands exemplify Sears’ ability to create and nurture brands that resonate deeply with consumers. Through careful brand positioning and consistent delivery of quality products, Sears has built a legacy that still stands today.

The Power of Celebrity Endorsements

Sears, a pioneering brand in the retail industry, recognized the influence of celebrity endorsements early on and leveraged this strategy to promote its products and reach a wider audience. One notable celebrity partnership was with the legendary baseball player, Ted Williams.

Ted Williams, known for his exceptional skills and revered status in the world of baseball, joined Sears as a consultant and became the face of various sports-related items in the Sears catalog. From outboard motors to fishing gear, Williams lent his name and reputation to endorse these products, establishing credibility and trust among consumers.

The collaboration between Sears and Ted Williams exemplified the potential impact and effectiveness of strategic celebrity endorsements. By associating itself with a well-known and respected figure like Williams, Sears was able to enhance its brand image and connect with sports enthusiasts and the general public alike.

Celebrity endorsements can be a powerful marketing tool, offering brands the opportunity to tap into the influence, appeal, and popularity of celebrities. When a celebrity endorses a product or brand, it can significantly boost consumer perception, trust, and purchase intentions.

Research has shown that consumers with different self-construals, or perceptions of themselves in relation to others, have varying preferences for brand endorsements. Consumers with an independent self-construal tend to prefer brands endorsed by a single individual, while those with an interdependent self-construal favor brands endorsed by multiple endorsers.

Furthermore, the impact of celebrity endorsements on consumer behavior and attitudes has been the subject of extensive study. These endorsements can shape consumer brand perceptions, influence purchase intentions, and increase brand trust. Additionally, the personal traits of endorsers and the relationship between the endorser and the brand have been analyzed to understand their impact on consumer behavior and brand attitudes.

By collaborating with renowned celebrities like Serena Williams, Zendaya, Nicole Kidman, and Kendall Jenner, luxury brand Bvlgari has demonstrated the effectiveness of celebrity endorsements in creating brand associations and engaging with customers. Bvlgari’s partnerships have helped it connect with specific market segments, reinforce its brand identity, and amplify its marketing campaigns.

Celebrity endorsements, when executed strategically and authentically, can contribute significantly to a brand’s success. They provide a valuable opportunity to strengthen brand perception, increase consumer trust, and attract a broader audience. As demonstrated by Sears and other successful brands, the power of celebrity endorsements should not be underestimated in today’s competitive marketplace.

The Role of Catalogs in Marketing

Sears, a pioneer in marketing strategies, recognized the power of catalogs as a vital tool for reaching customers. Dating back to the late 1880s, the Sears catalog served as a comprehensive showcase of their extensive product offerings, enabling customers to shop from the comfort of their homes. Catalogs, including circular letters and specialized catalogs, were efficiently distributed through direct mail, allowing Sears to connect with a wide audience. In 1927 alone, Sears mailed a remarkable 75 million marketing pieces to potential customers, solidifying their position as a leader in the industry.

Reach and Influence

The Sears catalog played a significant role in transforming consumer behavior. By offering a convenient and accessible shopping experience, catalogs revolutionized the way people purchased goods. In growing cities, catalog shopping allowed individuals to shop without physically visiting stores, leading to urban growth. Moreover, the catalog’s impact extended beyond retail, as Sears made an imprint on the music scene by selling guitars popular among Delta blues musicians and aspiring rockers.

A Tool of Inclusion

During the era of discrimination and segregation, the Sears catalog provided a more inclusive retail experience. It undid power dynamics by providing a platform for black shoppers, allowing them to access the same products as their white counterparts. Additionally, the catalog’s credit options empowered African American farmers to purchase items without the price markups typically seen at local stores.

While catalogs eventually waned in popularity with the rise of online shopping and changing consumer habits, their historical significance in Sears’ marketing strategy remains undeniable. The Sears catalog’s reach, influence, and role in inclusivity demonstrate its impact on both the retail industry and society as a whole.

Lessons Learned from Sears’ Downfall

The downfall of Sears, once a mighty retailer with 125 years in business, serves as a cautionary tale for companies in the retail industry. Sears’ decline can be attributed to several critical mistakes in their business strategy and failure to adapt to changing consumer preferences.

One of the key mistakes Sears made was diversifying into unrelated businesses, such as insurance and financial services, while neglecting their core areas of expertise, namely retail stores and the catalog-turned-e-commerce model. This brand diversification weakened their focus and ability to compete effectively in the market.

Another crucial misstep was Sears’ failure to embrace digital marketing strategies. While competitors like Walmart, Target, Home Depot, and Amazon built robust e-commerce shopping portals, Sears lagged behind in adapting to the online marketplace. This lack of online brand relevance and slow adaptation to market demands resulted in losing significant market share to these competitors in the crucial areas of appliances and apparel.

Sears also ignored its greatest assets: its brand and customer base. Instead of investing in enhancing the in-store shopping experience and advertising to attract and retain customers, Sears decided to cut costs. This decision led to a decline in the quality of the shopping experience, ultimately driving customers away and causing a dramatic decline in sales.

Furthermore, Sears’ management failed to recognize the reversion back to the home shopping experience. While they were once innovative and implemented a successful sales catalog strategy, they were slow to adapt to the digital era and the rise of online shopping. This lack of agility and failure to provide customers with a superior shopping experience further contributed to their downfall.

Ultimately, Sears’ downfall underscores the importance of staying focused on core strengths, adapting to changing consumer preferences, and investing in digital marketing strategies. Companies must prioritize their retail stores and e-commerce platforms while leveraging their brand and customer base to provide a superior shopping experience. Failure to embrace these lessons can lead to a similar fate as Sears.

The Impact of Competition on Sears

Sears, once a dominant player in the retail industry, faced significant challenges due to intense competition from a variety of rivals. Walmart, Target, and Home Depot emerged as formidable competitors, leveraging their expertise in specific product categories. This presented a formidable obstacle for Sears, which operated as a generalist department store.

The competition intensified with the advent of e-commerce, as consumers increasingly turned to online shopping. While Sears’ e-commerce sales accounted for only 3% of its total revenue in 2019, Amazon captured a staggering 39.8% of the US e-commerce market.

Meanwhile, Walmart held a 5.8% market share and Target occupied 1.3% of the same market. This data underscores the growing dominance of these retailers and the challenges faced by Sears in competing with their specialized offerings.

Sears’ struggles were not limited to the rise of e-commerce and the emergence of specialized competitors. The company faced internal difficulties as well. Its internal structure fragmented into 30 divisions post-2008, leading to internal competition and inefficiencies.

Additionally, Sears failed to invest adequately in upgrades both online and in stores, spending only 91 cents per square foot, significantly less than competitors like J.C. Penney, Kohl’s, and Best Buy. This lack of investment impeded Sears’ ability to stay relevant in a rapidly changing retail landscape.

The impact of competition on Sears’ financial health was undeniable. In recent years, the company’s debt levels soared past $5 billion, and it faced declining profitability as gross margins slumped due to competition and pricing pressures.

Inevitably, these challenges culminated in Sears’ filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on October 15, demonstrating a steep downturn from its heyday as a retail disruptor.

The downfall of Sears was a culmination of over two decades of missteps, including a failure to innovate and adapt to a modern, digitally-driven retail environment. The company’s inability to embrace a contemporary enterprise mindset ultimately contributed to its demise.

Three critical business failures also played a significant role in Sears’ unraveling. The company experienced a brand failure, as it lost its appeal and failed to differentiate itself from competitors. Additionally, its brick-and-mortar operations faltered, evidenced by negative comparable store sales for 13 consecutive years. Lastly, Sears’ internal structure splintered, leading to inefficiencies and internal competition.

In summary, fierce competition and internal challenges posed significant obstacles for Sears, ultimately leading to its decline. The emergence of specialized retailers, the shift to e-commerce, and Sears’ failure to adapt and invest adequately all played a part in its downfall.

The Current State of Sears

Sears, once a retail giant, now finds itself in a dire situation. The company’s bankruptcy filing and subsequent debt payment challenges have deeply impacted its operations and brand presence. As of November 2021, the number of remaining Kmart and full-line Sears stores has significantly reduced. There are currently only 15 Kmart stores and 19 full-line Sears stores left in operation.

Looking ahead, the future appears bleak for Sears. By December 2021, the number of Kmarts in the United States will further decline to just 12, including locations in the Virgin Islands, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The downsizing of stores and closures signify the massive challenges the company faces in keeping its retail operations afloat.

Over the past 15 years, Sears and its subsidiary, Kmart, have been forced to close over 3,500 stores, resulting in the unfortunate loss of 250,000 jobs. This indicates the significant impact that bankruptcy and financial struggles have had on the company’s workforce and the overall economy.

One major contributing factor to Sears’ decline is its failure to adapt to the evolving retail landscape, particularly in terms of its online brand presence. While competitors like Walmart embraced digital marketing and e-commerce, Sears struggled to keep up. Budget cuts in advertising further hindered the company’s ability to effectively compete in the marketplace.

Sears’ story serves as a cautionary tale for businesses that neglect to prioritize online brand presence and fail to adapt to changes in consumer preferences. The rise of e-commerce, exemplified by Amazon’s success, further underlines the importance of staying ahead of the market and investing in digital strategies.

Loyalty Programs and Retail Challenges

Implementing loyalty programs has been a common strategy for retailers like Sears, aiming to attract and retain customers in an increasingly competitive market. However, the effectiveness of loyalty programs in driving growth and profitability has come into question, as they can often lead to margin erosion without guaranteeing desired results.

According to a study by McKinsey & Co., companies with loyalty programs did not necessarily outperform those without. While loyalty programs can influence customer behavior and increase trust in programs, their impact on cementing customer loyalty remains a topic of debate with mixed evidence.

For Sears, a company that has faced significant challenges in recent years, implementing a loyalty rewards program called “Shop Your Way” was an attempt to regain market share and improve customer loyalty. However, the program alone did not address the core retail challenges that Sears was facing.

It is crucial for retailers like Sears to address broader issues beyond loyalty programs. Improving the overall customer experience, staying relevant in a rapidly changing landscape, and differentiating the brand are key priorities. Rather than relying solely on loyalty programs, retailers need to create a seamless and personalized customer journey that encompasses every touchpoint of the shopping experience.

Investing in loyalty programs also raises concerns about the return on investment. While customer retention is indeed important, businesses must carefully assess the cost-effectiveness of loyalty programs compared to other customer acquisition strategies. Attracting new customers may be more expensive, but it should not be overlooked as a crucial aspect of sustaining growth.

Moreover, loyalty programs provide retailers with specific databases on customer habits and preferences. This valuable data can be leveraged to develop targeted marketing campaigns, tailor promotions, and create personalized experiences.

Protecting market share and creating a base of loyal customers

One of the significant advantages of loyalty programs is their ability to protect market share by retaining an existing customer pool. By offering incentives and rewards, retailers can encourage customers to continue choosing their brand over competitors.

Additionally, loyalty programs can help in brand differentiation, allowing retailers like Sears to carve out a base of loyal customers who are less price-sensitive and more likely to engage in repeat business. Satisfied customers tend to exhibit reduced price sensitivity and a higher likelihood of choosing the same brand for future purchases.

In today’s competitive retail landscape, customer loyalty is essential for long-term success. However, retailers must carefully evaluate the effectiveness of their loyalty programs and adapt them to meet the evolving needs and expectations of customers. Transitioning loyalty programs to engagement-based programs that go beyond transactional rewards can lead to better results and stronger customer relationships.

Learning from Past Retail Failures

When examining the decline of Sears, it becomes evident that the company’s downfall is not an isolated incident. Similar to Blockbuster’s inability to adapt to the rise of Netflix and Borders’ late entry into online bookselling, Sears failed to navigate the shifting tides of the digital marketplace. These examples serve as valuable lessons for retailers today, highlighting the critical importance of embracing digital marketing strategies and staying ahead of consumer trends.

In the case of Blockbuster, their reliance on brick-and-mortar stores ultimately cost them against the convenience and accessibility of Netflix’s digital streaming platform. Unable to match the convenience for customers, Blockbuster slowly lost its relevance, leading to its ultimate demise. Similarly, Borders was slow to embrace online bookselling, allowing Amazon to capture a significant share of the market. Amazon’s innovative approach and ability to adapt to the digital landscape propelled it to become the dominant force in the industry.

These retail failures underscore the need for constant innovation and adaptation. In an era where consumer behavior and expectations are constantly evolving, retailers must invest in digital marketing strategies, establish a strong online presence, and leverage technology to meet the demands of their customers. Failing to do so puts companies at risk of becoming obsolete.

Embracing the Digital Marketplace for Success

The success stories of companies like Amazon serve as powerful reminders of the potential rewards that come with embracing the digital marketplace. Amazon’s relentless focus on customer experience, coupled with their innovative approach to online retail, propelled them to become one of the most valuable companies in the world. By leveraging technology and adapting to changing consumer preferences, Amazon not only survived but thrived in an ever-evolving industry.

Lessons from the Past

Sears’ decline serves as a cautionary tale, highlighting the consequences of complacency and an unwillingness to adapt. The company’s failure was not due to a single bad year or a series of unfortunate events but rather an extended period of neglect and poor choices accumulating over time. It is a glaring reminder that retail success is not guaranteed, and companies must continuously evaluate and evolve their strategies to remain competitive.

As retailers navigate the dynamic landscape of the digital marketplace, they must learn from the mistakes of the past and be proactive in embracing new technologies and consumer trends. Only by doing so can they position themselves for long-term success in a rapidly changing retail landscape.

The Need for a Modern Sears Marketing Strategy

Sears, once a prominent retail giant, has faced significant challenges in recent years. Its decline can be attributed, in part, to a lack of adaptation to the fast-paced digital landscape and changing consumer preferences. With a mere 0.7 percent of online retail market traffic, Sears struggled to establish a strong digital presence and relevance in the era of online shopping.

While Amazon and Walmart collectively comprised a staggering 45 percent of online traffic, Sears found itself grappling with declining sales and profitability. The company’s store count plummeted from 3,500 to a mere 700, illustrating the repercussions of failing to meet evolving consumer demands.

One key aspect of a successful modern marketing strategy is the creation of a unique brand identity and offerings that differentiate a company from its competitors. In an age where consumers have an abundance of choices, Sears found itself struggling to attract customers with its limited and outdated product offerings.

Furthermore, Sears faced tough competition from discount retailers like Walmart and Target, which offered appealing options at competitive prices. The company’s declining sales were a consequence of shifting consumer preferences towards discount retailers and the convenience of online shopping.

Sears’ inability to adapt to the changing landscape eventually led to its Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing in 2018. Even after emerging from bankruptcy in 2019, the company continued to face challenges, ultimately resulting in further store closures and downsizing.

For Sears to thrive in the digital age, it is crucial for the company to invest in both its online and brick-and-mortar experiences. Establishing a strong digital presence, optimizing its website for online shopping, and offering unique and compelling products are paramount to rejuvenating the brand’s relevance.

Learning from the failures of the past, Sears must now focus on revitalizing its marketing strategy to regain its position in the market. By understanding the needs and preferences of modern consumers and tailoring its offerings and experiences accordingly, Sears can start rebuilding its brand and reclaim a competitive edge.


Sears, once a retail giant, serves as a cautionary tale for businesses in the ever-changing retail industry. Despite its historical success and wide customer base, Sears failed to adapt to the evolving market dynamics, leading to its eventual bankruptcy in 2018.

One of the key lessons from Sears’ downfall is the importance of a strong and innovative marketing strategy. The company’s reluctance to embrace omnichannel retail and prioritize customer experience and digital transformation ultimately contributed to its demise. While competitors invested heavily in upgrading their stores and enhancing their online presence, Sears fell behind, spending significantly less on necessary improvements.

In addition, Sears missed crucial opportunities to establish its dominance in the home improvement market by not launching its own warehouse concept or acquiring companies like Home Depot or Lowe’s during the early ’90s. These competitors successfully capitalized on convenience and competitive pricing, leaving Sears struggling to keep up.

Furthermore, Sears’ diversification into other industries, such as insurance and real estate, diverted its focus from its core retail business. This allowed competitors like Home Depot, Lowe’s, and Best Buy to gain an insurmountable lead over Sears.

The case of Sears emphasizes the need for businesses to continuously innovate, adapt, and prioritize customer-centric strategies. In today’s digital era, companies must invest in omnichannel retail, enhancing the customer experience both online and in-store, and leverage digital transformation to stay relevant in a highly competitive market.


What is the significance of Sears’ marketing strategy in the retail industry?

Sears’ marketing strategy showcases the importance of effective brand positioning, strategic partnerships, and adapting to new technologies to stay competitive in the retail industry.

How did Sears and Amazon utilize technology to transform the retail industry?

Sears used the power of the railroad and brick-and-mortar stores to reach customers across the country, while Amazon harnessed the internet. Both companies demonstrate the importance of adapting to new trends and incorporating multiple channels in a successful marketing strategy.

What are some examples of Sears’ successful house brands?

Sears created strong house brands like Craftsman, Kenmore, and DieHard, which became household names and were strategically positioned in the market to resonate with consumers.

How did Sears utilize celebrity endorsements in its marketing strategy?

Sears enlisted the renowned baseball player Ted Williams as a consultant and endorsed various sports-related items. This approach helped Sears establish credibility and reach a wider audience.

How did Sears use catalogs as a marketing tool?

Sears mailed millions of marketing pieces, including catalogs, to potential customers, leveraging the power of direct mail to showcase its extensive product offerings and reach a vast audience.

What were the main factors that contributed to Sears’ decline and bankruptcy?

Sears faced challenges such as diversifying into unrelated businesses, neglecting core areas of expertise, and failing to embrace digital marketing strategies. This downfall serves as a cautionary tale to stay focused on core strengths and adapt to changing consumer preferences.

Who were Sears’ main competitors in the retail industry?

Sears faced fierce competition from retailers such as Walmart, Target, and Home Depot, who positioned themselves as specialists in their respective industries. The rise of online shopping further intensified the competition.

What are the reasons behind Sears’ current state and bankruptcy filing?

Sears’ struggles can be attributed to a lack of investment in online brand presence, failure to adapt to the modern retail landscape, and budget cuts in advertising, hindering their ability to compete with rivals like Walmart.

Are loyalty programs effective in attracting customers and ensuring growth?

Loyalty programs can be challenging and may erode margins without guaranteeing growth. Studies have shown that having a loyalty program does not necessarily outperform companies without one, emphasizing the need to address core challenges beyond loyalty programs.

What lessons can be learned from other major companies’ failures to adapt to the digital marketplace?

Examples like Blockbuster and Borders failing to embrace online platforms highlight the significance of digital marketing strategies and staying ahead of consumer trends. Companies that fail to evolve risk becoming obsolete, emphasizing the need for constant innovation and adaptation.

What is the importance of a relevant and modern brand in the digital age?

Sears’ downfall can be attributed, in part, to a failure to create a strong digital presence and offer unique offerings to attract customers online. It underscores the importance of adapting to changing consumer preferences and continually reinventing brand strategies to stay competitive.

What valuable lessons can businesses learn from Sears’ marketing strategy?

Sears’ historical success demonstrates the power of effective brand positioning, strategic partnerships, and adapting to new technologies. It serves as a reminder to continually innovate and meet the changing demands of customers to stay relevant and thrive in a highly competitive marketplace.
About the author

Nina Sheridan is a seasoned author at, a blog renowned for its insightful exploration of the increasingly interconnected worlds of business, technology, and lifestyle. With a keen eye for the dynamic interplay between these sectors, Nina brings a wealth of knowledge and experience to her writing. Her expertise lies in dissecting complex topics and presenting them in an accessible, engaging manner that resonates with a diverse audience.